Different types of therapy

There are over 300 different types of therapy which is why learning about therapy or trying to find the ‘right’ therapist can be very confusing. Below I have outlined a brief description of the well known types of therapy to give an insight into the practice and methodology of that particular therapy. Each therapy has different emphases and techniques. All are rooted in a psychological understanding that,  we develop and learn to think, feel and behave comes from our relationships and life’s experiences

Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic

Psychotherapy Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic approaches focus on the ways early experiences in family relationships can affect our development and well-being throughout life. Such experiences can have profound effects and therapists work with clients to help them understand and come to terms with distress rooted in early experience

Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioural

Cognitive approaches focus on how we learn to think and behave. Psychological distress can be related to patterns of thinking and behaviour that cause difficulties and therapists work with clients to identify these patterns and change them

Humanistic and Person-Centred

Humanistic and person-centred approaches focus on the conditions that affect our sense of self and the ways we feel about and value ourselves. Much distress can be linked to a lack of self-worth and therapists work with clients to understand how they have learnt to see themselves and to build self-esteem

Family and Couple Therapy

People’s problems will often not be theirs alone, but are the result of relationship problems in a marriage, partnership or family. By focusing very clearly on the relationships involved, and by involving all the people concerned, family and couple therapy seek to help those relationships to work better

Can these different approaches work together?

The above are all different approaches to therapy, but they all help us to improve our understanding of how we work which then allows us to make changes in our lives. Psychotherapists may use a combination of techniques to suit the client, and people may progress from individual to group therapy, or from couple work to individual therapy

Integrative Psychotherapy

Integrative psychotherapy comes from several different theoretical schools resulting in a unique organisation of theoretical ideas and methods of working. Integrative Psychotherapy is intended to do more than teach a client some new behaviours or a handful of coping skills. The major goal of Integrative Psychotherapy is to use the therapist-client relationship as a stepping stone to healthier relationships with other people and a satisfying sense of self